Lexitation: ontologization of lexicographic abilities
for use in the fields of applied linguistics
Last update: April 8, 2009
General description of the project
This three-year multidisciplinary project, which started in April 2007, is part of the research activities of the Observatoire de linguistique Sens-Texte (OLST). It puts together a team of researchers in linguistics, natural language processing, educational technologies and didactics. Four fields of investigation are primarily targeted:
We target the ontological modeling of knowledge and competence (know-how) involved in lexicology and lexicography, which we call lexicographic abilities, in order to transfer these abilities to, primarily, applications in language teaching.
Our study is based on the following assumption: lexicographic abilities have a crucial role to play not only in lexicology, but also in the teaching and acquisition of lexical knowledge. This assumption is supported by the observation that the mastering of lexicographic abilities considerably increases the functional autonomy of language professionals; it allows them to perform optimally in situations where the analysis of linguistic phenomena has to be done instantaneously—for instance, in language teaching during class interactions.
This research relies heavily on the use of experimental technics of knowledge extraction, that we intend to apply to lexicographic abilities, in order the achieve the construction of an ontological modeling of these abilities.
Our methodology is organized around fives complementary research tasks:
We expect the results of this research to be applicable in all fields where the mastering of the systemactic organization of lexical and terminological knowledge plays a central role. More specifically, we hope our work to be directly applicable in the field of language teaching. It will contribute to the present trend that shows a refocussing on the teaching and learning of lexical knowledge.
This research is supported by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), with a 140,700$ grand over three years: April 2007 to March 2010.
 Igor Mel’čuk. Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary. In G. Sica, editor, Open Problems in Linguistics and Lexicography, pages 225–355. Polimetrica, Monza, 2006.
 Igor Mel’čuk, André Clas, and Alain Polguère. Introduction à la lexicologie explicative et combinatoire. Duculot, Paris / Louvain-la-Neuve, 1995.
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