Lexique scientifique transdisciplinaire


Résultats anglais
abstract (adj)
Sens 1 : existing in thought or as an idea but not having a physical reality. [source : OAAD]
Équivalent(s) : abstrait:1, théorique:1
Contextes :
  • This abstract theorization of industrialization and regional growth, however, ignores historical specificity and institutional rigidities that continue to exert strong effects in the case of China.
  • In support of that view, research showed that greater logical accuracy in if- then thinking was facilitated in social-exchange situations than in abstract problem situations.
  • Let me reemphasize my position, poverty is not a structural attribute of class that can simply be dug up, nor is it an abstract reality that can be described outside of the influence of specific social projects.
act_nom (nom)
Sens 1 : the doing of a thing; deed. [source : MW]
Équivalent(s) : acte:2, fait:1
Contextes :
  • Theoretically, hospitality consisted of an act of giving asylum and a kind of adoption extended to strangers, whether as individuals, or as members of particular families or cities.
  • The constitution ceased to be a recourse to natural law and became an act of positive lawgiving.
  • These acts of boldness are framed as 'coping strategies' used in response to fear of violence and victim blame (Valentine 1989).
Sens 2 : something done voluntarily. [source : MW]
Équivalent(s) : acte:1
Contextes :
  • In contrast, there are provisions in the 1988 Act which suggest that surrender is not permitted.
  • Whatever the precise impetus, what is clear is that in much the same way as the gathering together of the stones in the late Neolithic served to restrict access to their symbolic associations, the act of concealment represents a deliberate exercise of control and power.
  • It was on precisely these four counts that within a matter of weeks ground was won back for the conservatives by specific provisions of the Act of Uniformity, particular rubrics in the Prayer Book of 1559, and certain clauses of the Injunctions of 1559.
act_verbe (verbe)
Sens 1 : to perform a particular role or function. [source : OAAD]
Contextes :
  • Postulations on the future of nanotechnology include the formation of nanocomputers and nanomachines which act as assemblers and replicators of virtually any conceivable material or devise by tailored atomic scale production.
  • INOOs often act as mediators then, using contacts with local NOOs to ground truth information.
  • Although he usually lacked any formal legal training, he was obligated to act as detective, prosecutor, judge, and jury rolled into one.
Sens 2 : to have an effect on something. [source : OAAD]
Équivalent(s) : agir:1
Contextes :
  • It acts only on the coordinates, because the couplings are only between position coordinates (i.e., there are no Pi'h or XiPj couplings).
  • The constant injection of gas from below will act to significantly strengthen the vortex.
  • It means that we expect more effects of dynamics when we excite at the peak position of the pre-edge peak; the core-hole-induced forces then have longer time to act on the system.
Sens 3 : to do something for a particular purpose or in order to deal with a situation. [source : OAAD]
Équivalent(s) : procéder:2
Contextes :
  • Hungry people act to get food, pained people act to get relief, and all behavior can be traced back to disequilibria.
  • Sustainable development appears most commonly as a duty on a particular agency or Minister to act in a certain way.
  • During the civil war period, Lenin occasionally gave Politburo members special military assignments and plenipotentiary powers to act in the best interests of the Party, regardless of the expert opinion of military officers.
action (nom)
Sens 1 : the process of doing something; using energy or influence; activity. [source : D'après OAL]
Équivalent(s) : action:2, action:3
Contextes :
  • In addition, the questions for jurors may address circumstances that aggravate or mitigate guilt, or those that excuse or justify the defendant's actions.
  • In 2APL, an agent’s goal denotes a desirable state for which the agent performs actions to achieve it, while an event carries information about (environmental) changes that may trigger an agent to react and execute plans.
  • In their articles, they depicted such actions as the only possible response to the widespread exploitation and immiseration of workers and, thus, attempted to transform the lootings into political capital.
Sens 2 : the bringing about of an alteration by force or through a natural agency. [source : MW]
Équivalent(s) : action:1
Contextes :
  • The physical tests concerned walls made of bricks in dry-frictional contact acted upon by the self weight and by an increasing horizontal body force simulating statically the seismic action.
  • The predominant view of the genetics of schizophrenia is that it is polygenic, with the manifest illness resulting from the combined action of multiple genes.
  • Consciously or subconsciously, the images that come to mind when contemplating Late Pleistocene landscapes inhabited by human beings are dominated by the action of glaciers, rivers, and the rise and fall of the sea.
active (adj)
Sens 1 : in a state of action; moving, working, or doing something [source : CED]
Équivalent(s) : actif:1
Contextes :
  • He was also active in racial politics, becoming a great friend of Wendell Phillips, while Cardinal Gibbons, the Archbishop of Baltimore, wrote an introduction to a biography published shortly after his death in 1890, hailing the escaped convict as "a great and good man" (Roche v).
  • When operating in active mode, the system should autonomously perform continuous observation of the areas of interest.
  • Importantly, many children became active participants in their mother's businesses.
Sens 2 : having an effect, not merely passive. [source : OAL]
Équivalent(s) : actif:3
Contextes :
  • As noted by Bass, "Federal, state, and local governments have an active role in creating and preserving the apartheid system" (Bass 2001 a, 46).
  • The report provided a number of trenchant suggestions, including the recommendation for active versus passive defense measures, the centralization of all air defense assets under one commander, and the close coordination between air defense and the early warning system.
  • He criticized the American hierarchy and suggested that in order to decrease the number of appeals, Rome needed to provide active leadership regarding the process for selecting bishops and in the administration of clerical discipline.
activity (nom)
Sens 1 : things that people do in order to achieve a particular aim: political, economic, business (etc.) activity; criminal, terrorist, illegal (etc.) activity. [source : LG]
Équivalent(s) : activité:1
Contextes :
  • During the field training in the summer months, political activity was totally pushed aside by some commanders.
  • Small non-profit staffs focused their efforts and funds on needs and sometimes combustible activity taking place within their own walls.
  • Since cholesterol in red blood cells is physiologically maintained to be just at the equivalence point (1), it normally exhibits a low chemical activity.
Sens 2 : a natural or normal function. [source : MW]
Équivalent(s) : activité:2
Contextes :
  • These authors suggest that the Negative Affectivity factor may have a basis in amygdala activity as well as the OFC modulation of hippocampal function.
  • The biological impact of intercalators on the activity of cholesterol in biological membranes could be significant and bears further study.
  • So far, it has only been possible to replace the calcium cofactor by strontium and still retain activity.
Sens 3 : an active force. [source : MW]
Équivalent(s) : activité:3
Contextes :
  • While many of the imported items at Hengistbury were no doubt intended for local consumption, it has been proposed that the redistribution of imported goods was also an important activity from within this coastal market place (Collis, 1984; Cunliffe, 1984, 1987).
  • Therefore, for this study about downtown San Diego, I sought a framework from which to view both past and present activity amid a host of actors, while remaining cognizant of contextually changing influences and the context of the overall landscape.
  • This result may be another indicator that the passing of these "be a better person" laws is a symbolic activity, which does not have much effect on what actions prosecutors actually choose to prosecute.
actor (nom)
Sens 1 : a participant in an action or process. [source : OD]
Équivalent(s) : acteur:1
Contextes :
  • This diffused form of governance makes it increasingly difficult to trace the forces, or more specifically, the power relations and key actors/institutions that are complicit in ordering urban space.
  • It is also the teaching signal event, the reward value that "stamps in" an association or that instructs a predictive actor in an actor-critic model that a reward event has occurred.
  • Moreover, does the PSB, supposedly a Chinese counterpart of the Western police force, exercise the function of investigating crimes and maintain social order, or more specifically, act as a first official actor in the criminal justice system?
actual (adj)
Sens 1 : used to emphasize something that is real or exists in fact. [source : OAAD]
Contextes :
  • When social cognition researchers study perception they do not necessarily investigate the actual process of perceiving (e.g., the working of the visual system).
  • To determine the actual number of clusters, we select one that provides better separation of the original data as defined in Equation 3.6. where Dc is the total distance of all locations to the respective cluster centers, a small value represents better separation for the determined number of cluster.
  • Accordingly, the current budget estimates, as expected, showed poor accuracy measured by MAPE when compared to actual sales.
actually (adv)
Sens 1 : used for emphasizing what is really true or what really happened. [source : MAC]
Contextes :
  • The potential cost of a military expedition meant a penny increase in the income tax, not viewed favorably by those who actually paid tax.
  • Under U.S. SEA section 21A(a)(I)(B), the SEC may bring an action to impose a civil penalty on persons who, at the time of the violation, directly or indirectly were in control of the person who actually committed the violation.
  • Although it seems likely that this disturbance is related to the repair of the old waterworks pipe, the pipe itself was never actually encountered so the disturbed deposits here were given a different master context, M023.
attractive (adj)
character (nom)
Sens 1 : a graphic symbol (as a hieroglyph or alphabet letter) used in writing or printing [source : MW]
Équivalent(s) : caractère:2
characteristic (adj)
Sens 1 : forming part of the character of a person or thing; typical. [source : OAL]